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STEP 1 :
Remove the Old Turf
You will need a sharp spade shovel, or rent a mechanical sod cutter to remove the old turf. Make sure to remove the clumps of grass and level the area.
If there is a sprinkler system installed, you can either pull it up or just leave it. It's probably best to just pull the exposed sprinkler heads to help even out the ground, and if you or a new homeowner ever wants to install grass again, you can just re-attach the heads.
Install the Artificial Turf
If you are having problems with getting the ground level, you can put down a layer of sand or crushed stone, just make sure you wet down the area and use a roller or tamper to smooth out the surface. If weeds are a concern you can lay a weed barrier fabric, which will prevent weeds from growing up and through your turf creating bumps and discoloring the turf.
Once you've got a level surface, you can lay the artificial grass on it. For a perfect appearance, unroll the artificial grass and place turf side up in the sun for couple hours. This will allow the turf to expand and stand up. You can also go over it lightly with a broom or a plastic rack to fluff the turf and make the color looks perfectly even from all directions.
To cover large areas, you'll install the artificial turf in multiple strips. Make sure the orientation of the grass is facing the same direction and keep 2 millimeters of joint base between each other. This will ensure the grass blades do not go over each other and avoid visibility of the joint. To join sections of grass, lay out the self-adhesive joining tape on the ground first and place the backing of the two surfaces on it with a 2 millimeter gap.
To ensure the grass fits up to the outer perimeters, you need to make necessary cut and decide the shortest route to cut. Cutting the artificial turf from the underneath can be easily accomplished with heavy duty scissors or a razor knife. When cutting with the grain, cut between the rows. When cutting against the grain, make your cut in the middle of the stitch. You can always cut and tape back the turf to customize the shapes and sizes to satisfy all needs.
To secure the artificial turf in place, you need to use a large hammer to drive at least 6” lawn spikes through the layer of turf and into the ground. Finally you need to trim perimeter edges and nail at corners.
To assist in securing the lawn even more, you can use a spreader to add a layer of silica sand to the grass. This can help add a bit of weight to the lawn and keep it from moving. But if you are concerned about tracking dirt or sand inside your house, skip this step.